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1st Generation 1990-1994Edit

Chevrolet Lumina
Chevrolet
Production 1990-2001
Class Intermediate
Body Style 2-Door Coupe4-Door Sedan
Length 199.3″
Width 71.7″
Height 53.6″
Wheelbase 107.5″
Weight 3100-3400 lbs
Transmission 3-Speed Automatic, FWD4-Speed Automatic, FWD5-Speed Manual, FWD
Engine 2.2L (132 cid) I4 (1993)2.5L (151 cid) I4 (1990-1992)3.1L (191 cid) V6 (1990-1994)3.4L (207 cid) V6 (1991-1994)
Power 92-210 hp
Similar Buick RegalOldsmobile Cutlass SupremePontiac Grand PrixChevrolet Monte Carlo
Platform W

At first, a 4-door sedan was the only bodystyle, but a 2-door coupe debuted shortly afterwards (the Lumina line also spun off a minivan variant, the Lumina APV). Since the rear-drive 2-door Monte Carlo departed in 1988, the Lumina coupe was seen as a quasi-replacement by some, and the Lumina was also seen as a more direct competitor to the Ford Taurus much more than the Celebrity was. Base engine was the 92 hp 2.5L (151 cid) I4, but most models had the more powerful 140 hp 3.1L (191 cid) V6. The I4 had a 3-speed automatic while the V6 had a 4-speed auto. Base and sportier Euro models were offered, and differed visually with the base model having a chrome eggcrate grille, while the Euro had a blacked-out grille. The Lumina was touted for being the only domestic intermediate car with a Corvette-inspired fully-independent front and rear suspension and 4-wheel disc brakes, even on the base versions.

1991 models had a revised body-colored horizontally-slatted grille for both the base and Euros, but the big news this year was the introduction of the NASCAR-inspired Z34 coupe. The Z34 had an all-new 210 hp DOHC 24-valve 3.4L (207 cid) V6, available with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic (in which hp dropped to 200). Visual differences included a unique grille, hood louvers, front air dam and rear spoiler, and special badging. Its main appeal was that it was a car that looked just at home on a NASCAR track as it did on the street.

In 1992, the Euro sedan could now have the Z34 V6 engine (called the Euro 3.4), but it was available only with the automatic. Lesser Euro and base models continued otherwise unchanged, other than ABS becoming standard on all models. All coupe models got the 3.1 V6 standard in 1993, while the base sedan got a new 2.2L (132 cid) I4 engine, replacing the 2.5. Euro, Euro 3.4 and Z34 models continued with no change other than new colors. For 1994, the base coupes were dropped, leaving only the Euro and Z34 coupes. The 4-cylinder engine was dropped altogether, as was the manual transmission in the Z34 coupe — it was now an automatic-only.

This generation Lumina was considered a bit of a trend-setter with its unique (for its class) independent suspension and the hot DOHC 3.4 V6 engine (the only Chevrolet model to receive this engine), but it also never offered an airbag, even as an option, when many other cars were by this time receiving passenger airbags in addition to the driver’s. Its interior ergonomics were somewhat unconventional too, such as a dashboard that actually angled downward towards your lap, and power window switches that also worked against typical convention. These many quirks would be ironed out in the second generation Lumina, which debuted for 1995.

Салон Chevrolet Lumina

      Внутри автомобиля довольно комфортно, но в этом плане Форд Фокус немного лучше. Кстати, немногим Люмина уступает Фокусу по вместительности, хотя стоит учесть, что Фокус меньше, а вмещает больше. Это довольно удивительно на самом деле! Зато звукоизоляция в Шевроле Люмине выполнена выше всяческих похвал, двигатель практически не слышно. Посадка в данном автомобиле достаточно низкая. Сиденье, скажем, самые обычные, удобными их сложно назвать, но и какого-то дискомфорта они также не создают. Очень большой диапазон настроек руля, владелец автомобиля может настроить его именно так как ему хочется, а не как-то более-менее подстроившись под рамки настроек.

      Возле зеркала заднего вида вы найдете очечник — очень удобная штука, в особенности, для солнечных регионов. Материалы оформления, скажем так, самые что ни на есть американские, т.е. дешевенькие. Однако ничего не скрипит и не кряхтит, правда, какое-то время где-то на 10 тысячах появляется еле слышимый сверчок, но через какое-то время он куда-то сам пропадает.

Chevrolet Lumina технические характеристики

      Chevrolet Lumina SS оснащается двигателем V6 в 3.6 литра, который обладает мощностью в 230 л.с. Автомобиль довольно просторный, но не слишком большой, гораздо меньше чем, к примеру, Ford Crown Victoria. Прямым конкурентом Люмины является Форд Мондео. Подвеска достаточно упругая, прекрасно держит дорогу — скорость 155-165 км/ч практические не замечается, дальше уже нужно быть внимательнее. В целом, подвеска неплохо сбалансирована: не раскачивает по волнам, по кочкам вы сможете ехать без страха пробить ее, но все-таки, приблизительно на 13 тысячах уже ощущается, что и она не вечная. Такой эффект можно назвать обратной стороной данной энергоемкой подвески. Кочки не ощущаешь, водишь расслаблено, а со временем подвеска начинает подводить. Проезжая на скорости лежачих полицейских практически ничего не ощущается, вы будете довольны подвеской. Здесь необходимо отметить, что управляемость Люмины хороша для европейских дорог, т.е. для прямых, в основном просторных и ровных. Скоростные, резкие маневры на узеньких улочках не совсем то, что подходит для данного авто.

      Chevrolet Lumina 3.1 тяжелый автомобиль, в связи с этим мощный двигатель здесь не роскошь. Испытывать данную мощь зачастую не часто приходится. Люмина не совсем удачный выбор для перевозки стройматериалов или продолжительной поездки шумной компанией, это автомобиль для недолгой езды на работу или за продуктами. Как и у многих машин с коробкой «автомат», Chevrolet Lumina 1991 имеет полусекундную задержку, после которой стартует как ракета. Если вы включите режим Power Train (клавиша на консоли), то реакция машины на ускорения становятся значительно быстрее. Но ей зачастую пользуются только те, кто любит быструю езду. Задний привод, также зачастую нравится именно гонщикам. На мокром асфальте Люмину может сильно заносить.

Комплектация Chevrolet Lumina

     Chevrolet Lumina 1996 оснащается четырьмя подушки безопасности, системой ABS, системой traction control, круиз-контролем, иммобилайзером (хотя эта штука практически не используется), кондиционером, CD-плеером, полным электропакетом, включая регулировку водительского кресла, регулируемым по высоте и продольно рулем, а также легкосплавными дисками.

Тест драйв Chevrolet Lumina

     Этот автомобиль не часто встречается на наших отечественных дорогах. Но невзирая на это, машина идеально подходит людям, которые ценят сочетание функциональности и комфорта. Отзывы о Шевроле Люмина выделяют яркий спортивный дизайн этой модели, а также удобство и просторность  салона. Благодаря комфортным креслам с качественными материалами оформления и эргономичному установлению панелей даже после долгих часов за рулем не появляется усталость или неудобство. Если вы ищете более вместительную и практичную машину, прекрасной идеей будет прочитать комментарии об автомобилях Шевроле Lumina APV.

       Хорошие технические характеристики добавляют модели неплохую разгонную динамику, четкость управления и устойчивость на дороге. Среди плюсов данного авто частенько называют надежность в использовании, экономичный расход бензина и неприхотливость.

      Существуют также негативные отзывы владельцев Chevrolet Lumina. В них рассказывается о проблемах с электроникой, неудобном обслуживании и возможном протекании масла. Последнее поколение Люмины избавлено от данных проблем, а вот более ранние версии часто могут быть с наличием в салоне «сверчков» и недостатками подвески, которые если вовремя не подчинить, то можно «подхватить» серьезную поломку.

Рубрики:Американские автомобилиМетки записи:Chevrolet

First generation 19901994

First Generation

1991-1994 Chevrolet Lumina Sedan

Overview
Production January 1989–August 25, 1994
Model years 1990–1994
Assembly Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Designer Irvin Rybicki (1985)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door notchback coupe4-door notchback sedan
Layout FF layout
Platform W-body
Related
Powertrain
Engine 2.2 L I42.5 L I43.1 L V63.4 L V6
Transmission 5-speed manual3-speed 3T40 automatic4-speed 4T60 automatic4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 107.5 in (2,730 mm)
Length 1990 Coupe: 198.4 in (5,039 mm)1990 Sedan: 197.6 in (5,019 mm)1991–94 Coupe & 1993–94 Sedan: 198.3 in (5,037 mm)1991–92 Sedan & Z34 Sedan: 199.3 in (5,062 mm)
Width Coupe & Z34 Sedan: 71.7 in (1,821 mm)Sedan: 71.0 in (1,803 mm)
Height Coupe & Z34 Sedan: 53.3 in (1,354 mm)Sedan: 53.6 in (1,361 mm)
Curb weight 3496 lb (1586 kg)

1990 Chevrolet Lumina sedan

1993 Chevrolet Lumina

1991-1994 Chevrolet Lumina Euro 3.4 sedan

The North American Chevrolet Lumina was based on the mid-size GM W-body, which was shared with the Pontiac Grand Prix, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (later Intrigue), Buick Regal and Buick Century (after 1996). Although the Lumina became a popular seller, GM was widely criticized in the motoring press for being late to the game in introducing a direct aero-designed competitor to the Ford Taurus. The «Lumina» name was considered by Ford in the pre-production stage of the Taurus. The Chevrolet Lumina’s first generation ended production in August 1994, making this the shortest-lived generation of the first-generation GM W-body cars.

Chevrolet Lumina in NASCAR in 1994.

In 1989, the Lumina became the nameplate under which Chevrolets were raced in NASCAR, more than a year before the model was available to the public. As a result, NASCAR received many letters complaining about the unfair advantage of Chevrolet racing an «aluminum» car.

Chevrolet signed a deal with Disney-MGM Studios to make the 1990 Lumina the company’s Official Car. Early Lumina ads included Disney animated characters from Fantasia under license from Disney; In return, the Lumina was made the official car of Disney World. In one sequence, advertising the car’s spacious interior, cartoon hippopotami were used to demonstrate the Lumina’s wider rear door swings which Chevrolet claimed made for easier access to the rear seat area. While popular, the ads were soon cancelled when focus groups revealed that they remembered the Disney characters better than they remembered the car itself.

Engines

  • 1990–1992 2.5 L (151 in³) Iron Duke I4
  • 1993–1994 2.2 L (134 in³) I4
  • 1990–1994 3.1 L (191 in³) V6
  • 1991–1994 3.4 L DOHC (207 in³) V6

Lumina Z34

1991–1994 Chevrolet Lumina Z34

Starting in 1990, Chevrolet offered a high performance version of the Lumina, the Lumina Z34. It came standard with the FE3 sport suspension package, the 210 hp LQ1 V6 engine shared with the Lumina Euro 3.4 (sedan), the five-speed Getrag 284 manual transmission, dual exhaust, and four-wheel anti-lock brakes.

The Z34 also featured cosmetic changes to go along with the performance enhancements such as unique front and rear fascias, side skirts, a rear spoiler, a louvered hood, a unique steering wheel and sport bucket seats. Performance figures included a 0-60 mph (0–97 km/h) time of 7.2 seconds, a 1/4 mile (~400 m) time of 15.0 seconds, a (limited) top speed of 130 mph (209.21 km/h), a 60-0 mph (97–0 km/h) distance of in 153 ft (47 m), and a lateral acceleration of 0.79 g’s (7.7 m/s²). A Bose stereo system and automatic transmission, which lowered the horsepower rating to 200 and 0-60 time by a .5 seconds, were optional. The only paint colors available for the Z34 were white, red, black, gray, silver, and light blue. In 1995, the Lumina Z34 was replaced with the .

Production

Year Total Sedans Total Coupes Sedan LQ1 Coupe LQ1
1990 278,311 45,783 N/A N/A
1991 157,782 34,495 N/A 8,936
1992 188,557 33,490 5,623 13,016
1993 200,842 29,916 3,489 12,323
1994 75,753 10,866 1,234 4,478
Total production 901,245 154,550

Safety

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)

1995-2001 Lumina IIHS scores
Moderate overlap frontal offset Good
Small overlap frontal offset Not Tested
Side impact Not Tested
Roof strength Not Tested

NHTSA

1990-1994 Lumina NHTSA scores
1989 Frontal Driver Frontal Passenger Side Driver Side Passenger 4×2 Rollover 4×4 Rollover
1990 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1991 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1992 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1993 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1994 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1995-2001 Lumina NHTSA scores
Year Frontal Driver Frontal Passenger Side Driver Side Passenger 4×2 Rollover 4×4 Rollover
1995 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1996 Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated Not Rated
1997 Not Rated Not Rated
1998 Not Rated Not Rated
1999 Not Rated Not Rated
2000 Not Rated Not Rated
2001 Not Rated

2nd Generation 1995-2001Edit

Chevrolet Lumina
Chevrolet
Production 1995-2001
Class Intermediate
Body Style 4-Door Sedan
Length 200.9″
Width 72.5″
Height 54.8″
Wheelbase 107.5″
Weight 3300-3500 lbs
Transmission 4-Speed Automatic, FWD
Engine 3.1L (191 cid) V6 (1995-2001)3.4L (207 cid) V6 (1995-1997)3.8L (231 cid) V6 (1998-1999)
Power 160-210 hp
Similar Buick Century (1997-2001)Buick RegalOldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1995-1996)Oldsmobile Intrigue (1998-2001)Pontiac Grand Prix
Platform W

The Lumina may have been the last of the W-bodies to arrive, but it was also the first to get a redesign. Lumina coupes resurrected the Monte Carlo nameplate, the first time that nameplate had been used since 1988 (see the separate Monte Carlo entry for information on that model). This generation Lumina sported dual airbags (the previous generation model didn’t have any), revised interior ergonomics that fixed the quirks of the previous model… but as a tradeoff, it lost its independent suspension. There weren’t any 4-cylinder engines in this model, its base engine was now a 160 hp 3.1L V6 (a 20 hp gain). The 210 hp DOHC 3.4 V6 remained optional, but a 4-speed automatic was the only transmission for both engines. The base models now had rear drum brakes, but models with the 3.4 V6 kept the 4-wheel discs. Dual-zone climate controls became an option in 1996. 1997 models gained daytime running lights, and a new sporty LTZ model, which could have either the 3.1 or the 3.4 engine. The Lumina APV, based on the previous Lumina, would be replaced by the Venture. And now that the Caprice was gone, the Lumina was now Chevrolet’s largest model.

In 1998, the DOHC 3.4 V6 was dropped (although the OHV 3.4 V6 (LA1) would continue in other GM models), replaced by a more conventional 200 hp 3.8L (231 cid) V6. The 3.1 V6 would continue, and the rest of the car continued with minimal change. In 1999, the 4-wheel disc brakes were discontinued, all models would revert to front disc/rear drums. For 2000, the 3.8 V6 was dropped (as was the LTZ model), and the 3.1 gained 15 hp to 175. The Monte Carlo was switched over to the Impala platform this year, and an all-new Impala sedan debuted which would eventually replace the Lumina. Since the Luminas were on their way out, they were left largely unchanged, and for 2001, they were available only to police, taxi and rental car fleets and not sold to the general public. The Impala would effectively replace the Lumina.

Main CompetitorsEdit

  • Dodge Dynasty/Intrepid
  • Ford Taurus
  • Honda Accord
  • Mazda 626
  • Mercury Sable
  • Nissan Maxima
  • Subaru Legacy
  • Toyota Camry
  • Volkswagen Passat
CHEVROLET

Buick | Cadillac | Chevrolet | GMC | Holden | Hummer | Opel | Vauxhall | Daewoo

Current/Future (USDM)

Cars/Minivans: Sonic · Camaro · Cobalt · Corvette · Impala · Malibu · Volt · Cruze · Agile

Trucks/SUVs: Avalanche · Colorado · Equinox · Express · Silverado · Silverado Hybrid · Suburban · Tahoe · Traverse · Tornado (South America)

Commercial Trucks: Kodiak · T-Series · W-Series

Current/Future (Europe)

Captiva · Epica · Evanda · Kalos/Aveo · Lacetti/Nubira · Spark · Niva · Tacuma/Rezzo · Viva

Current/Future (Asia, Middle East & South Africa)

Aveo · Lumina · Lumina Ute · Optra · Spark · Tavera · MW · Vectra · Caprice · New Sail

Historic

· Baby Grand · Classic Six · Little Four · Little Six · Series H · Styleline · · · Bel Air · Biscayne · Brookwood · Corvette · Delray · El Camino · Blazer · Camaro (1967 · 1982) · Chevelle · Chevy II/Nova · C/K · Corvair · Parkwood · Camaro · Impala · LUV · Monte Carlo · Monza · Vega · Astro · Beretta · Chevette · Celebrity · Citation · Corsica · S10 Blazer . Spectrum · Sprint · S-10 · Tracker · Cavalier · Lumina · Lumina APV · Monte Carlo · Orlando · Prizm · SSR · TrailBlazer · Uplander · Venture · Matiz/Spark · Titan · Bison · Bruin · Opala (Brazil) · Veraneio · Chevrolet Van · Omega · Aveo · HHR

Concept

Super Nova · Bel Air · Volt Concept · Biscayne · SS · Mako Shark · Mako Shark II · Manta Ray · S3X · M3X · T2X · Beat · Groove · Trax · Colorado Cruz Concept Truck · WTCC Ultra · Corvette Rondine Concept · Corvette Indy Concept · Corvette Nivola Concept · Corvair Sebring Spyder Concept · SR-2 Concept · XP-897GT Two-Rotor Concept · Borrego Concept · Corvair Coupe Speciale Concept · Prisma Y Concept · Journey Concept · Nomad Concept · Sting Ray III · Corvair Monza GT · XP-880 Astro II · Lumina Sizigi Concept · Corvair Monza SS · Sabia Concept · Corvair Monza GT · Highlander Concept · Tandem 2000 Concept · Traverse Concept · California Camaro Concept · XT-2 Concept · Romarro Concept · Triax Concept · Corvair Testudo Concept · Astro Vette Concept · XP-700 Concept · Corvette Geneve Concept · CERV I Concept · CERV II Concept · CERV III Concept · CERV IV Concept · Camaro Concept · XT-2 Concept · Orlando Concept · GPiX Crossover Coupe Concept · Camaro LS7 Concept · Camaro GS Racecar Concept · Camaro Black Concept · Camaro Dale Earnhardt Jr. Concept · Corvette Stingray Concept («Sideswipe») · Silverado ZR2 Concept · Jay Leno Camaro Concept · Camaro Synergy Concept · Camaro Chroma Concept · Camaro Dusk Concept · Camaro Graphics Concept · Aveo RS Concept · Volt MPV5 Concept · Camaro SSX Track Car Concept · Corvette Z06X Track Car Concept · Corvette Jake Edition Concept · Volt Z-Spec Concept · Spark Z-Spec Concept · Cruze Z-Spec Concept · Sail EV Concept

Racing

Corvette C6.R · Corvette C6.R GT2

Vehicles · Category · LS Engine

Louis Chevrolet and William C. Durant A brand of General Motors

Third fourth generation 19982013

Third & fourth generation

2000–2001 Chevrolet Lumina SS sedan (third generation)

Overview
Production 1998–2013
Assembly Elizabeth, South Australia
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Platform GM V platform (1998–2006)GM Zeta platform (2006–2013)
Related Holden CommodoreChevrolet OmegaPontiac G8
Chronology
Successor Chevrolet Caprice (Mexico)Chevrolet Malibu

Chevrolet Lumina LS

The Australian GM subsidiary, Holden, manufactured a third and fourth generation Lumina based on the rear-wheel drive Commodore (VX, VZ and VE series) sedan, sport utility and coupé (the latter body not available with the fourth generation VE series).

This model was exclusively manufactured for export primarily to the Middle East and South Africa. Luxury specifications of these sedans were also exported in Brazil as the Chevrolet Omega.

High-performance models were powered by Chevrolet V8 engines, including the high specification Pontiac G8 based on the VE Series, exported to the United States.

External links

« previous—Chevrolet, a marque of General Motors, road car timeline, United States market, 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Subcompact Sprint Geo Metro Spark Spark
Chevette Aveo Sonic
Spectrum Bolt
Monza Nova
Compact Prizm Volt Volt
Cavalier Cavalier Cavalier HHR
Citation Corsica / Beretta Cobalt Cruze Cruze
Mid-size Malibu Malibu Malibu Malibu Malibu Malibu
Celebrity Lumina Lumina
Full-size Impala Impala SS Impala Impala Impala
SS
Caprice Caprice Caprice
Personal Monte Carlo Monte Carlo Monte Carlo Monte Carlo
Sports car Camaro Camaro Camaro Camaro Camaro
Corvette Corvette Corvette Corvette Corvette Corvette
Note  Sold as a Police Pursuit Vehicle
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